Sri Jiva Goswami at a glance
Appearing as the nephew of Sri Rupa and Sanatana Goswamis, Sri Jiva Goswami displayed all the charming features of a mahapurusa (divine person). He had lotus eyes, a high nose and forehead, broad chest, long arms, and a radiant golden body.
In his boyhood he made a Deity of Krishna-Balarama. Expressing his pure devotion, he would often cry while worshiping Them. After offering clothes, candana, flowers, ornaments, and tasty sweets to Krishna-Balarama he would take some and give maha-prasadam to his playmates. From the beginning Jiva showed his kindness to other jivas (living entities). Jiva was so much attached to Krishna-Balarama that at bed time he would embrace his Deities and fall asleep. His parents thought he was only playing. But the villagers rejoiced to see Jiva’s love for Krishna-Balarama.
In school he quickly mastered Sanskrit grammar, poetry, logic, philosophy. Srimad Bhagavatam gave life to his life. Krishna-katha filled him with happiness. No one dared to speak to him about anything but Krishna. He toured Navadvipa-dhama with Sri Nityananda Prabhu, studied Sanskrit in Benares, and then resided in Vrindavana. After humbly serving Sri Rupa Goswami by washing his feet, preparing his manuscripts, and editing his books he received diksa.
Once the aging Vaisnava, Vallabhacarya, gave critical advice to Sri Rupa Goswami on his writing. Although much younger than the venerable Vallabha, Sri Jiva brazenly spoke in defense of his guru. Sri Rupa Goswami scolded Sri Jiva telling him to leave Vrindavana. Living in an abandoned crocodile hole in Nanda Ghat (45 minutes from Sri Rupa’s bhajana kutir) , Sri Jiva Goswami began fasting. He subsisted on wheat flour, which he begged, mixed with Yamuna water. Seeing his strict self-denial, Sanatana Goswami brought him back to the service of Sri Rupa Goswami.
Srila Prabhupada once commented on this “guru-disciple pastime.” “Sri Rupa Goswami cast out Jiva Goswami to teach us, the devotees of today, a lesson. It was not done to teach or punish Sri Jiva Goswami, who is a perfectly liberated, eternal associate of Lord Krishna. Rupa Goswami sent Jiva Goswami out of Vrindavana to teach all jivas what he wrote in Upadesamrta: vaco vegam mansah krodah vegam, jihva vegam… At all times, a devotee should control his tongue, his speech, and always remain humble, trnad api sunicena:”
After the disappearance of Sri Rupa and Sri Sanatana Goswamis, Sri Jiva Goswami became the Gaudiya Sampradayacarya to guide all Vaisnavas in Navadvipa, Vrindavana, Jagannatha Puri. Although he was the undisputed leader, he always acted as a humble servant of all the jivas. Whenever Bengali Vaisnavas visited Vrindavana he would lovingly receive them, arrange for prasadam and comfortable rooms, an even guide them on Vraja mandala parikrama.
A superexcellent Sanskrit scholar, Sri Jiva Goswami would compose Sanskrit verses in his mind and write them down without changing anything. Write them down means he used a metal stylus to permanently etch them in palm leaves. This inscription method left no room for erasing, editing, rewriting, or running a spellcheck. Yet, each verse was a priceless gem of perfect meter, rhythm, poetry, and meaning. He was the greatest philosopher in all of Indian history. Contemporary Sankritists call him the greatest scholar who ever lived.
Sri Jiva Goswami was the youngest but most prolific writer among the Goswamis. He wrote an astounding half million Sanskrit verses (about 25 books). His books prove that Sri Caitanya’s philosophy gives the essence of Vedic wisdom and the perfection of religion. Gopala Campu, Sat Sandarbhas, and Hari Nama-vyakarana are three of his most famous works. The San¬darbhas firmly establish the transcendental truths of Srimad Bhagavatam. They also confirm that Lord Sri Krishna is the Supreme Absolute Truth (svayam bhagavan), the cause of everything and the source of all avataras. Anyone who faithfully reads these books will become a devotee of Krishna.
Satyanarayana Dasa, a Gaudiya Vaisnava Sanskrit scholar who is presently translating the Sandarbhas into English for ISKCON BBT (Bhaktivedanta Book Trust) gives this explanation of Jiva Goswami’s name: “Actually, Sri Jiva Goswami’s name jiva is very interesting when considered in light of the Bhagavata verse: ahastani sahastanam apadani catus padam … jivo jivasya jivanam, “Animals without hands are food for those with hands, those without feet are food for Ihe four-Iegged … everywhere one jiva (living entity) is food for another.” Another meaning of jiva is,”one who gives life to others.” So the spiritual knowledge given by Jiva Goswami in his twenty-five books gives life to all the devotees.
“Another name of Jiva is jivakah, “one who makes the jivas (living beings) emit ecstatic sounds.” Sri Jiva Goswami did this by supplying the esoteric meaning of the Srimad Bhagavatam through his Bhagavata commentaries and the Sat Sandarbhas. One who expands the nature of the jiva, his relationship with the Lord, the process to achieve the goal, and the ultimate purpose of life is jivakan or jiva.”
The following quote comes from Sri Jiva Goswami’s nectarean Gopala Campu, which describes the playful Vrindavana pastimes of Radha Damodara. “From Govardhana Hill a large form of Govardhana manifested. All the Vrajavasis along with Krishna Himself then offered obeisances to that towering form. As Sri Krishna stood by with folded hands, that great personality Govardhana bellowed, ‘I shall eat all your offerings.’ He ate and drank water by emptying all the kundas around the hill. While eating all the preparations made by the Vrajavasis with his right hand, he snapped the fingers on his left hand. The cowherd men ran out of the way when Govardhana stretched out His hands to take more and ‘called out, Aniyor! Aniyor! Aniyor! ‘bring more, bring more, bring more.’ ” At the request of Acaryarani Jahnava Devi Thakurani, Sri Jiva Goswami had Srinivasa Acarya, Narottama Dasa Thakura, Syamananda Prabhu take the Goswami’s writings from Vrindavana to Bengal. They translated them into Bengali and distributed them throughout Bengal and Orissa. They also preached extensively and initiated hundreds of devotees. In 1542, Sri Jiva Goswami established the worship Sri-Sri Radha-Damodara in Seva Kunja, Vrindavana. His samadhi stands in the temple compound. Sri Jiva Goswami is Vilasa-manjari in Radha-Damodara’s nitya Vrindavana lila.